Odisha Biodiversity Board Activity
Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs)
Twenty (20) Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) has been constituted at Panchayat level during 2013-14. 213 BMCs has also been constituted at Panchayat level across 11 districts of the State during 2014-15. The districts are Angul, Balasore, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Ganjam, Gajapati, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Sambalpur, Rayagada and Koraput. The board has prepared a five year action plan with the help of ORSAC (Orissa Space Application Centre, Bhubaneswar) to prepare 2,500 BMCs in next five year (starting from 2015-16).
People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR)
Twenty (20) numbers of Peoples Biodiversity Register (PBR) have been prepared in 2013-14. (10 each in Koraput and Dhenkanal district of the State). During 2014-15, 56 People’s Biodiversity Registers (PBR) in different districts of the state is under preparations. Of which 15 draft PBRs has been received and evaluation process is being undertaken.
Capacity building training program was organised among the major stakeholders like frontline staff of Odisha forest department and members of Biodiversity Management Committees. Foresters and Forest guards are trained to develop their skill in Biodiversity related issues, such as Biological Diversity Act and Rules and introduction to the Biodiversity of Odisha, identification of RET (Rare, Endangered, Threatened) plants, wild animals and wildlife monitoring in their respective area. About 400 nos. of frontline staff of forest department have been sensitized about biodiversity related issues of the state during 2014-15.
Capacity building training programs are also undertaken for Panchayat level Members of Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) to develop the skills of members of biodiversity management committee to understand about the biodiversity, Importance of Biodiversity, Biodiversity Act and rules, BMCs and its roles, Powers, Responsibilities and PBR preparation of their respective Gram Panchayat. Members of BMCs are also trained to document biodiversity and monitoring through field exercise and open discussion. In this way 154 members of 22 biodiversity management committees have been sensitized during 2014-15. During 2015-16, 12 more capacity building training programs is undertaken for members of BMCs.
Odisha Biodiversity Board has taken up research projects on biodiversity of lesser studied areas or groups through Universities and Regional Plant Research Centre (RPRC). These are (1) Faunal Diversity Assessment of Invertebrates and Lower Vertebrates of Deomali Hills of Eastern Ghats, Koraput, Odisha, India (CENTRAL UNIVERSITY, KORAPUT), (2) Documentation of epiphytic and epilithic lichen biodiversity in “Kapilas” and other protected forests of Dhenkanal District of Odisha (UTKAL UNIVERSITY), (3) Benthic macro fauna of mangrove fringed Devi estuary of Odisha, East Coast of India (RAVENSHAW UNIVERSITY), (4) Fungal diversity in Subarnarekha mangrove ecosystem of Odisha (RPRC), (5) Diversity of the dominant below ground fauna in different land use zones of Chandaka-Dampara Wild Life Sanctuary (OUAT) and (6) Qualitative & quantitative assessment of plant biodiversity (Angiosperms and Pteridophytes) of Bhubaneswar Municipality Corporation Area, Bhubaneswar with emphasis on identification of important species and habitats of conservation concern (RPRC). The research works are in progress.
Awareness Activities and Workshops & Conference
Celebration of International Day for Biological Diversity (IBD), 22nd May 2013, 2014 and 2015
(i) Odisha Biodiversity Board celebrated the International Day for Biological Diversity 2013 on 22.05.2013 by organizing a photo exhibition and art exhibition on the theme ‘Life in Water’.
(ii) For celebration of IBD 2014 on 22.05.2014, OBB organized a seminar on the theme ‘Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development’. For this purpose eminent persons in this field were invited. Total 34 resource persons submitted abstracts for their paper presentations. These abstracts were compiled and printed and the booklet was released on that day. Conference was divided into four technical sessions; these are Forest Biodiversity, Coastal & Wetland Biodiversity, Agricultural Biodiversity & Livestock and Biodiversity Education, Role of Community, Legal and Policy Issues. Apart from this, Board also sponsored to celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity in Regional Plant Resource Centre, three forest circles and seven forest divisions of the state by organizing debate competition, painting, seminars and cycle rally on biodiversity of the state for school children and staff of forest department.
(iii) During 2015, IBD 2015 was celebrated by organizing a conference on ‘Conservation of Biodiversity for Sustainable Development in Odisha’ in which eminent persons, scientists, researchers from different corners of the state participated and presented their papers. The abstracts submitted by the delegates have been released as a proceeding in volume. The Board also sponsored the celebration of International Day for Biological Diversity in different parts of the state through 20 forest divisions of the state by organizing seminars, awareness programme for school children, forest guards and forester trainees etc.
Quiz and Essay competition
The quiz and essay competitions were organized about biodiversity of the state for 10th standard School children in Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences in KIIT campus, Bhubaneswar on 18th April 2015, and prize was distributed to students in the event of IBD, 2015.
National Conference on “Biodiversity Assessment, Monitoring and Conservation and photo & painting Exhibition
In the 39th Annual Conference of Orissa Botanical Society which was held on 22nd and 23rd February 2015 at Regional Plant Resource Centre Campus, Bhubaneswar. Odisha Biodiversity Board also associated with organization of a National Conference on “Biodiversity Assessment, Monitoring and Conservation. Along with the conference a photography and painting exhibition was organised for different categories level on the theme ‘Biodiversity of Odisha’ under sub-theme of ‘Ecosystem Diversity, Floral Diversity, Faunal Diversity and Agriculture Biodiversity’. It was open for Junior Level School Students-up to 10th standard, senior level-from 10+2 to Post Graduate level and Open Category- Open for all. All photographs and paintings were judged by eminent photographers and painters of the state. Prize was given to each best photographs and paintings in each sub-theme.
Radio programmes on Biological Diversity Act, 2002
To create awareness on conservation of biological resources, facilitating its sustainable use and ensuring fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources within the state, OBB has formulated 5 programmes on three important aspects of biological diversity Act, 2002 through All India Radio, Cuttack. Four programmes are already recorded and are being broadcast. Fifth program shall be recorded soon.
Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHSs)
Section 37 of the Biological Diversity Act 2002 provide for declaration of Biodiversity Heritage Sites. Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHSs) is the area where the areas of BHS are well defined specifically unique, fragile ecosystem in terms of ecologically significant. They may spread over terrestrial, aquatic, coastal and inland and marine ecosystem having rich biodiversity. The BHSs are endowed with wild as well as domesticated species, high endemism and occurrence of rare and threatened species, keystone species and species of evolutionary significance.
Odisha Biodiversity Board is in the process of formulation of guidelines and modalities for declaration of Biodiversity Heritage Sites as per the Odisha Biological Diversity Rules, 2012. For this purpose a committee has been constituted under the Chairmanship of PCCF (W/L) and Chief Wildlife Warden Odisha. The final guidelines for BHS have been approved by the committee in its third meeting and sent to Government for approval.
Implementation of UNEP-GEF-MoEF-ABS Project
UNEP-GEF-MoEF-ABS, Government of India sponsored project “Strengthening the Implementation of the Biological Diversity Act and Rules with focus on its Access and Benefit Sharing provisions (ABS)” is implemented by the board recently. The funds have been released by NBA and works have also been started. However, one technical assistant, one computer assistant and one finance assistant are working on this project.
Biodiversity Resource Centre
The proposal for developing Odisha Biodiversity Resource Centre was approved by in its 04th board meeting of Odisha Biodiversity Board in 2012. The Board is endeavouring to procure published document, audiovisual materials, unpublished monograph concerning biodiversity of the state and the country and house it for public use. For this purpose funds has been received from PCCF (WL) & CWLW, Odisha through CAMPA fund. All procurement process for biodiversity resource centre is under process.
07th Meeting of the Odisha Biodiversity Board
The 7th meeting of the Odisha Biodiversity Board was held on 28.08.2015 under the Chairmanship of Additional Chief Secretary to Government in Forest and Environment Department and Chairman Odisha Biodiversity Board, in his Office Chamber and discussed various issues of the board.
Access and Benefit Sharing Provisions (ABS)
To Strengthen the Implementation of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and Rules, 2004 the board has constituted an expert committee to examine the ABS applications and to make recommendations to the board for allowing or otherwise of applications and mode and quantum of benefit sharing. In his first meeting the Dabur Research and Development Centre, Ghaziabad, New Delhi application has been accessed by expert committee and the board is going to share a benefit sharing provisions with Dabur very soon and another application of Lohia Brothers Private Limited, Kolkata has been received by the board seeking to access the seed of Calophyllum inophyllum. In his second meeting the Lohia Brothers Private Limited, Kolkata application has been accessed by expert committee and the board is going to share a benefit sharing provisions with Lohia Brothers Private Limited very soon.